Not only can your skin be dry or oily, but it can also be a combination of both. The main skin types are dry, oily, combination, normal, acne-prone and sensitive. You may be wondering how in the world to differentiate between the skin types. Before you figure out how to treat your skin type, what products to use, and how to have perfect skin, there are easy ways to figure out what type of skin you have.
Prepping Your Skin
- Remove any makeup. Use makeup remover to remove all traces of make-up from your face. This will also help with removing dirt and oil from your face.
- Wash your face. Wet your face with warm water, then pour a dime-size amount of a gentle face cleanser in the palm of your hand. Gently massage your face with your fingertips ensuring that you’ve covered all areas with the facial soap and water. Thoroughly rinse your face with cool or warm water, then pat your face dry with a clean towel or washcloth.
- Avoid over-washing your face as this could lead to dry skin.
- Wait a few minutes. Don’t apply any products to your face during this time such as moisturizer or acne spot-treatments, and avoid touching your face.
Examining Your Skin
- Notice how your skin feels. If you have dry skin, your face will feel taut after cleansing whereas oily skin will feel cleaner right after washing it. Your T-zone will feel clean if you have combination skin, but your cheeks will feel tight. Sensitive skin will react to certain cleansers, and may cause itchy skin or a rash.
- If you have sensitive skin, your face will get red, itchy, or a rash could form after using certain facial products.
- Oily skin will start to feel greasy again as your day continues.
- If you’re noticing your skin doesn’t fall under any of these categories and you’re free of problem areas, you have normal skin which requires low maintenance! Congratulations!
- You can get pimples or acne at any age, especially if you have an oily skin type.
- Look in the mirror. If you notice red, flaky patches all over your face, you most likely have dry and/or sensitive skin. If your face is shiny all over, you have oily skin. A combination of both means you have combination skin.
- Look at your pore size. If you have normal skin, your pores will be visible but not large. Take a few steps back from the mirror. If you still see your pores, you have oily skin. If your pores are not at all visible, you have dry skin.
- Combination skin occurs when you have more than one pore size on your face resulting in a combination of dry, oily and normal skin.
- Pinch your skin. If your skin easily wrinkles after pressure is applied, you have dry or combination skin. Oily skin will feel smooth.
- Dab your face with a tissue. Wait a few hours after you wash your face. Pat the area of the T-zone, which consists of your forehead and nose. Look at the tissue to determine if oil rubbed off on it. If it did, you either have oily or combination skin.
- Ask your dermatologist. If you’re still at a loss for determining what type of skin you have, your dermatologist can provide you with answers to your skin questions. There are some over the counter medications they can prescribe and procedures they can perform to treat your dry, oily, sensitive, combination or acne-prone skin if all else fails.